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Burial sites are frequently found in the context of wetland and underwater sites due to the favourable anaerobic preservation conditions. The type of burial sites can vary, depending on the period and context.

Ship burial

Ship burials are frequent for the Iron Age and the Viking Age. They can occur in a mound, in a bog[1], or even in the ground[2].


Tombs are usually encountered in a terrestrial context, but can be also located under water, if the coastline was subject to flooding. A Neolithic tomb under water is known at the shoal Schwarzer Grund in the eastern part of Schleswig-Holstein, which once formed a headland before it became inundated as a consequence of the Littorina Transgression and the post-glacial rebound.

  1. M. Müller-Wille, Boat-Graves in Northern Europe, in: The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 3.2, 1974, pp. 187-204.
  2. J. Peets, Revealing a grim cargo of elite Viking warriors, in: Current World Archaeology 58, 2013, pp. 18-24