In situ conservation

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In situ is Latin for "local", thus an "in situ conservation strategy" means that an archaeological site or asset is preserved locally where it was discovered and that a recovery is avoided, unless the site or artefact is under threat. It is the preferred conservation method in a maritime or wet environment, as organic material is preserved naturally in an anaerobic milieu.

The "in situ conservation strategy" is also one of the core principles of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage[1], adopted in 2001.